Chapter 11 Recap

Saul was a man’s man. He was tall, handsome, kingly and impressive…a likely choice for a king.  He was just what Israel wanted.  Trouble was, Saul was not God’s man. King Saul cut corners on God’s commands, so God cut Saul out of the picture and set His sights a king who was, at the moment, singing songs and tending flocks in a nearby pasture.

God’s ordination began in the unlikeliest of places:  the humble house of Jesse in a less than notable village called Bethlehem.  Seven of Jesse’s sons were paraded before Samuel, but none were chosen.  The youngest brother, David, had not been invited but was easily found among the sheep. After being summoned from the fields, the choice was immediate: David was anointed by Samuel to replace King Saul.  The boy then did what any responsible shepherd would do:  he returned to tending his sheep.

Life was quiet for the newly anointed boy king until he was once again called from the fields, this time to supply his brothers on the front-lines of battle against the Philistine army.  When he arrived, David saw what everyone else did not:  an opportunity for God’s power to be displayed.  Armed with a slingshot, five pebbles and an extraordinary faith, he faced down Goliath…and won. The Philistine’s superhero lost his head while his army lost their courage and ran!

David’s days in the pastures were over. Saul brought him into the king’s court and assigned him a high rank over military operations. David was well liked and successful in all his pursuits. He eventually married Saul’s daughter, Michal, and became best of friends with Saul’s son, Jonathan.  But his success planted an irreversible seed of jealousy in Saul, to the point where he tried repeatedly to murder David.

David fled for his life, and days in the palace came to a close. Still, his popularity grew. Unfortunately, so did Saul’s fear and irrational behavior. His thirst for David’s blood quickly turned to obsession. Saul and his army pursued David and killed 85 Levite priests in the process because they had fed and sheltered the fugitive.  On one occasion, David had an opportunity to kill Saul, but he refused out of respect for the man whom God had anointed king.  He chose, instead, to extend mercy and grace to Saul who tearfully confessed, “You are more righteous than I. …I know that you will surely be king…” (p. 124)  Saul’s new lease on life was as short as his fuse, and the chase quickly resumed.

David found consolation by journaling his fears and his faith in his psalms.  Saul’s obsessive pursuit of David blinded him to the fact that the Philistine armies were once again on the attack. They prevailed, and Saul and his sons were killed.  Israel was defeated, and David was left to mourn the staggering losses.

It was another seven years before David was recognized as king over all Israel. He became the military, civil and spiritual leader. He conquered the city of Jerusalem, made it his capital city, and then brought the Ark of the Covenant there with great fanfare.  All Israel joined him except his wife Michal, whose empty heart left her with an empty womb.

David was home at last. His first desire was to build a house, a temple, for God. Instead, God told David, “The LORD will build a house for you.” (p. 129).  God made a covenant with David and promised him a house (an eternal dynasty), a throne (royal authority) and a kingdom (rule on earth). David responded as usual with awestruck worship and gratitude, knowing that distant generations of his own family would welcome the King whose reign would never end.  Though David may not have fully recognized it at the time, he had indeed built a house for God…the temple of his heart.

David’s Royal Dynasty

In the movie What Women Want, advertising executive Nick Marshall, played by Mel Gibson, is accidentally electrocuted leaving him with the new ability to “hear” what other people are thinking.  He soon discovers that people appear on the outside very different than they are on the inside.  He uses his new skill to manipulate the women in his life including his daughter, his new boss and various love interests.  In the end, he realizes his own metric system for choosing women is seriously flawed.  Spoiler alert:  He falls in love with the woman’s heart that he never would have taken the time to appreciate had he not had “the gift.”

Similar to our Nick character, God also knows what is in the heart of each of us.  But it is not by accident!  His metric system is not flawed; it is perfect.  And it was the heart of young David that led God to choose him to be Israel’s king.

I.       Looking For a King

A. The idea of a king was not a new one for Israel.  Adam and Eve had been made in God’s image and as His representatives were to “rule” over the creation. (Gen. 1:26-28).  Kings had been prophesied and therefore anticipated since God spoke to Abraham approximately 1000 years before David’s rule.

  1. Abraham had been promised that from “you will come nations, and kings will come forth from you” (Gen. 17:6).
  2. God said of Sarah, “I will bless her…and she shall be a mother of nations; kings of peoples will come from her.”  (Gen. 17:16)
  3. The promise was passed on to Abraham’s grandson Jacob, “Kings shall come forth from you.”  (Gen. 35:11)
  4. Of Jacob’s 12 sons, Judah was given the explicit promise that a ruler would come from his line, “The scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet, until Shiloh comes, and to him shall be the obedience of the peoples.”  (Gen. 49:10)

B. Moses anticipated a coming king for Israel who would rule Israel under the authority of God, gave specific requirements to Israel’s future kings (Deut. 17:14-20).  Their kings were to:

  1. Write for himself a copy of the Law
  2. Read it daily so that he may fear the LORD and live righteously
  3. Avoid accumulating horses, wealth and wives

II.       King David:  King of Israel

A. King David was the anticipated king.  Remember Naomi, Ruth, and Boaz in chapter 9?  They were from Bethlehem, of the tribe of Judah (p. 99), and baby Obed was the grandfather of David!

B. He was chosen because of his heart (p. 117).  This man after God’s own heart would do all of God’s will (Acts 13:22).

C. The Covenant—God made a special and very important promise to King David.  Unlike King Saul, King David would have a dynasty (p. 129).  It would include:

  1. A “House:”  an undying family line
  2. A Throne:  royal authority
  3. A Kingdom:  a people

D. This is a good example of an Old Testament passage in which some elements find fulfillment in the immediate future, while other elements will be fulfilled in the more distant future.

  1. Solomon would be the son who would build a house (temple) for God, but his throne would not last forever.
  2. But another Son’s throne will last forever!

E. David understood that this covenant looked toward a uniquely divine King.  We know this because David wrote about Him in several of his psalms!

F. Did you notice David’s deeply reverent response of humble worship? (p. 129-130)  He grasped the gracious act of God on his behalf and responded appropriately.  We should follow David’s example of worship when we grasp God’s grace.

III.       King Jesus:  King of Kings

A. The “Anointed One:”   Prophecies of the Messiah King

  1. Jesus is referred to as the “son of David” 16 times in the gospels, 9 times in Matthew.  Clearly, this title points back to the promise God made to David of a coming “son.”
  2. Jesus’ birth and life was connected to the promise to David.  The Prophets looked for the coming King who would follow David.  No prophet wrote more about the coming Messiah than Isaiah.  His ministry was from about 740-680 BC, some 250 years after David and 700 years before Jesus.  In fact, Isaiah has sometimes been called the “fifth gospel” because it focuses so much on the coming Messiah!
Prophesies of the Coming King Fulfilled by Jesus the King of Kings
The Lord will give a sign of the Messiah.

  • “Therefore, the Lord Himself will give you a sign:  Behold, a virgin will be with the child and bear a son, and she will call His name Immanuel.”  (Isa. 7:14).

 

Jesus was born of a virgin.

  • And Mary said to the angel, “How can this be, since I am a virgin?”  (Lu. 1:34)
  • An angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph, son of David, and said, “And she will be a Son, and you shall call His name Jesus, for it is He who will save His people from their sins.”  (Matt. 1:20-21)
  • And all this took place that what was spoken by the LORD through the prophet might be fulfilled, ‘Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bear a son, and they shall call His name Immanuel,” which means “God with us.”  (Matt. 1:24)
He will come from the line of David.

  • Isa. 11:1-5 “Then a shoot will spring from the stem of Jesse, and a branch from his roots will bear fruit.  And the Spirit of the LORD will rest on Him…”

 

Jesus was descended from David and therefore has a claim as the Anointed One, the Christ.

  • Matt. 1:1 “the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.”
  • Joseph, son of David (Matt. 1:20)
He would be a uniquely godly king but similar to David.

  • For a child will be born to us, a son will be given to us; and the government will rest on His shoulders; and His name will be called Wonderful Counselor; Mighty God; eternal Father, Prince of Peace.   There will be no end to the increase of His government or of peace, on the throne of David and over his kingdom, to establish it and uphold it with justice and righteousness from then on and forevermore. (Isa. 9:6-7)
  • 5 things about this Messiah:  He would be a son, he will be given to “us” Israel,  he will be a righteous king, He will be somehow God, He will be also a man from David
Jesus was that child.

  • To Mary, the angel said, “He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Most High and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David; and He will reign over the house of Jacob forever; and His kingdom will have no end.” (Lu. 1:32-33)
  • And to Mary, “the holy offspring will be called the Son of God.”  (Lu. 1:35)
  • The angels said to the shepherds, “for today in the city of David there has been born for you a Savior, who is Christ the Lord.  And this will be a sign for you:  you will find a baby wrapped in cloths, and lying in a manger.”  (Lu. 1:11-12)
He would come from the city of David, Bethlehem

  • “But as for you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, too little to be among the clans of Judah, From you One will go forth for Me to be ruler in Israel.  His goings forth are from long ago, from the days of eternity.” (Micah 5:2)  Micah was a contemporary of Isaiah.
Jesus fulfilled this prophecy exactly. (Matt. 2:1-6)  When the magi were looking for the King of the Jews, the scribes went right to this scripture to tell them where He would be born.

  • “And they said to him, “In Bethlehem of Judea, for so it has been written by the prophet, ‘And you, Bethlehem, land of Judah, are by no means least among the leaders of Judah; for out of you shall come forth a Ruler, who will shepherd My people Israel.”  (Matt. 2:6)
  • Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea (Matt. 2:1)
  • “Joseph went up to the city of David, which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and family of David.”  (Lu. 2:4)

B. Jesus’ purpose was connected back to God’s promise to David.  Paul spoke to the men of Israel after the crucifixion and resurrection, “And after He had removed him [Saul], He raised up David to be their king, concerning whom He also testified and said, ‘I have found David the son of Jesse, a man after My heart, who will do all My will.’ From the offspring of this man, according to promise God has brought to Israel a Savior, Jesus.”  (Acts 13:22-23)

IV.       Applications and Implications

A. I am encouraged and my faith strengthened to know that God provides prophetic fulfillment to assure me that He is true and sovereign.

B. God provided a prophetic roadmap leading straight from David to Jesus.  Jesus is unmistakably the promised Messiah, my king.

C. God fulfills His promises.

D. Mary and Joseph are biblical examples of walking by faith and not by sight.  We can emulate their faith today.

E. Angels serve as God’s messengers and are really cool!

F. I can be awed by the sovereign and carefully crafted genealogy of David and Jesus.  Wow!  What an awesome God!  There are no surprises to Him.

G. Because Jesus fulfilled so many prophesies, I can rest knowing for certain that He is who He says He is—my Savior and King.

H. A King rules His way.  He is not an elected president.  I should submit to His rule over my life now.

I. Israel refused to believe that Jesus was their King.  I will learn from their mistake, submit to Jesus’ rule in my life, and trust in His salvation alone.

J. I can trust the supernatural inspiration of the Holy Scriptures because only God could fulfill such prophecies so many years later.  Therefore, the Scriptures have authority over me.

K. Even the grandest of kings like David rightly bows in humble worship when he encounters the extravagant grace of God.  Have I really bowed my heart in prayer and worship lately?

Worship His Majesty

After God made the covenant with David, he went in and worshiped before the LORD in prayer.  Our appropriate response to the majesty of Jesus should be the same.  Spend a few minutes in prayer, then sing or listen to a song that reminds you of God’s majesty.

Disappointed Love: The Story of Michal

Samuel, a righteous man of God, anointed and mentored two kings of Israel, Saul and David. During his lifetime he saw both of them disappoint their families, their people and their God.   In chapter 11 of The Story, we read about Saul, Michal, and David; all sought the wrong things through intrigue, passion and selfishness.  A father should have loved his daughter; a husband should have loved his wife.  As His representatives, the two kings should have loved God and each other.  Instead, they were at war.  Perhaps Michal was the biggest loser; she was their pawn, the cast-off and the trophy. But broken hearts don’t have to stay broken.

To understand Michal’s situation we must look at the relationships that impacted her life.

I. Saul and David.

1. What can we understand about Saul’s mind and spirit from the following verses?

  • 1 Samuel 15:10-11, 26
  • 1 Samuel 16:14
  • 1 Samuel 16:23
  • 1 Samuel 18:7-9
  • 1 Samuel 18:10-11

2.  Describe David from the following passages:

  • 1 Samuel 16:12
  • 1 Samuel 16:13
  • 1 Samuel 16:18
  • 1 Samuel 17:34-37
  • 1 Samuel 18:12

The more Saul’s jealousy consumed him, the more the Lord led David through one victory after another.  From 1 Samuel 18:16 we know the people of Israel were captivated by David—none more than Michal, Saul’s youngest daughter.

II. Michal in the Middle.

1. From the following passages in 1 Samuel note how the actions of each man affected Michal.

14:49

18:20-29

19:1-17

25:42-44

2.  Analyze the details above to discover what kind of disappointments Michal experienced.

David would have been anointed by Samuel around the age of 15-20.  He was probably 18-20 when he slew Goliath.  The war between the house of Saul and the house of David lasted a long time (1 Samuel 3:1). David and Michal were probably apart for around 8 years.  When David gained more power his rule as king of all Israel was imminent; he sent for Michal.

3.  Read 2 Samuel 3:12-15.

  • Why did David demand that Michal return to be his wife?
  • What does Paltiel’s reaction imply?

4.  What other relationships did David have? (2 Samuel 5:13-16)


III. Broken Hearts. 2 Samuel 6.

Although David was powerful, there were still more battles to be fought before he actually became king of all Israel. Saul’s death and David’s lament open the book of 2 Samuel. We learn that he was 30 years old (cf. 2 Samuel 5:4).  When he finally defeats the Philistines as king of Israel his great desire is to return the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem.  Although God has brought David to victory, He teaches him an important heart lesson.

1.  Read 2 Samuel 6:1-11; I Chronicles 15:1-2.

  • Why was David celebrating?
  • What cut the celebration short?
  • How was David’s heart broken through Uzziah’s death?

2. Read 2 Samuel 6:12-19; I Chronicles 15-16

  • Why was David celebrating?
  • Verses 5 and verse 12 of I Samuel 6 describe the two times David celebrated the ark.  What had David learned since the ark was at the home of Odem-Edom?

3.  Read 2 Samuel 6:20-23; I Chronicles 15:28-29

  • What was Michal’s response to David’s unrestrained worship?
  • What is the condition of her heart?
  • How did David react?

During David’s years in exile he experienced many hardships at the hands of his enemies. David was a warrior, and he was a flawed man.    He wrote many of the Psalms during these years.  Michal was mistreated and disappointed; she was also a flawed person. We have no record of Michal making peace with David or with God.  The last record of her life does not indicate that she and David ever shared the same view of God. But we know something of David’s relationship with God.  Note what the following passages reveal.

Psalm 57

Acts 13:22

 

IV. Love makes the difference. 

1. From Psalm 63 note David’s attitudes and actions that would be wise for us to imitate.

2.  What can mend a broken heart?

1 John 3:1-2a

1 John 3:16-19

3. Sorrow and brokenness come through many different circumstances.  Sickness, death, and financial ruin are hard to face.  Abuse and betrayal from people who should protect and support us are hard to face for different reasons.  Which do you feel is worse and why?

4.  Is there any brokenness that God cannot heal?

Key Question:  Who do you need to forgive with God’s help?  Will you lay the injury at the feet of Jesus and allow Him to help you live your life free of the burden of bitterness?

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